Month: November 2020

Types of Wood Garden Boxes

Wood is a desirable material for lawn poles due to its natural beauty and endurance. Such poles range from inexpensive plywood containers to pricey, handcrafted hardwood poles. Many kinds are available to match home gardeners’ needs.

Window Boxes

Window boxes are a popular method to utilize wooden garden poles. They include instant visual appeal to the front of a home and are particularly appealing if filled with permeable, flowering plants like ivy geranium or alyssum. Wood is easily painted, so many homeowners paint the poles to coincide with the window trim. This transforms the poles into an essential component of the property’s architecture.

Portable Planters

Wood garden poles are often used as mobile planters. These versatile containers can be full of annuals or perennials and used to liven up a porch, deck, or other outdoor space. Portable wood garden boxes also make exceptional herb gardens, since some herbs will spread unless grown in containers. Additionally, many home gardeners grow vegetables like tomatoes in their mobile garden boxes.

Permanent Planters

Many home gardeners produce raised flower beds in wood garden poles. These permanent fixtures have been used to grow bigger plots of vegetables and flowers. The increased design allows water to drain freely in the plot and discourages the development of fungi and diseases. Additionally, the box produces a boundary or barrier to which a temporary fence is easily attached. The fence may be used to define the region or keep out famished animals like rabbits and even deer.

Special Considerations

Wood garden poles ought to be treated with a sealant to stop the wood from getting saturated with water. Like all containers, they ought to also have drainage holes in the bottom to allow water to drain out. Finally, invest in your planter box by filling it with rich planting ground rather than dirt taken directly from the ground. This will give an optimum growing medium to get your plants, and wholesome plants will keep your wood garden poles seeming full and lovely.

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How to Put Lime Pellets Down With Grass Seeds

A lush and healthy lawn needs water, nutrition and properly balanced soil pH in order to thrive. The soil often will need the application of lime to reduce the acidity level. Lime pellets are a convenient way of program, and can also help increase bacteria action and improve the soil structure. Lime also supplies calcium and potassium to the ground, which are essential elements for grass growth. Lime pellets and grass seed can be implemented at exactly the exact same time to help simplify the care procedure.

Pick a period in the fall or early spring to apply lime and grass seed. While winter is a good time to apply lime, spring and fall are ideal times for seeding. Take a soil sample from the yard to your neighborhood extension office for investigation, or purchase a soil kit and perform the assessment yourself. Most lawn grasses, including fescue, perform best in soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. Pelleted lime is used to raise the pH of soils that test lower than 6.0.

Add pelleted lime to the hopper of a seed spreader. Adjust the dispersal rate of the spreader based on the results from the soil test. Employ no more than 50 lbs of pelleted lime per 1,000 square feet of yard for a rule of thumb. Bear in mind that too much lime is often as bad for grass rather than enough.

Go back and forth across the lawn using the spreader to cast the lime. Repeat the procedure in rows perpendicular to the first to guarantee the pelleted lime falls uniformly, avoiding gaps or areas without lime. Lime doesn’t leech with water and stays where it’s dispersed on the yard.

Implement grass seed to the yard after the application of lime. Over seed a yard at a rate of 3 to 4 lbs of seed per 1,000 square feet based on the kind of seed being implemented. Water the lawn thoroughly to assist the lime and seed settle, and soak in the turf.

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My John Deere L110 Blows Fuses

Completing a piece of gear blows fuses it’s important to discover why. Fuses are a safety feature for the electric system, preventing damage to the gear in addition to possible damage to the operator. When a John Deere L110 keeps blowing fuses, the first task is to track down the cause by taking a good look at which fuses keep going out, and determine why.

Explain the Affected System

Usually when your lawn tractor blows fuses, only a single system is influenced. The issue might be in the starting system, the headlights or the power take-off, called the PTO. If the tractor will not begin, it’s the electric starting system, even if the headlights do not work, the problem is localized there, and if you can not raise and lower the cutting blades, the problem is at the PTO system.

Inspect the Wires

Damaged wiring may be accountable for fuses that maintain blowing for no apparent reason. Check the wires for signs of wear, especially missing bits of insulation in which it’s cracked, melted or been otherwise damaged. If you find damage, replace the wires. Always use the appropriate gauge wiring, as replacing wiring using wires the wrong size can produce a risk of fire.

Assess the Starter

If your John Deere L110 lawn tractor won’t begin or if it tries to start but repeatedly blows fuses, the problem is likely a defective starter or starter wires. If you can not see anything when you examine on the wires, then the problem might be internal to the starter. Eliminate the starter and have it examined by a John Deere dealer. Replacing it will most likely solve the problem.

Assess the PTO Switch

The PTO switch controls the power take-off system, which raises and lowers the mower deck. If the switch will not lower the deck, you can not cut grass. If the switch blows the fuse when you attempt to use it and you can not see anything wrong with the wires, then the problem is likely a short inside the PTO switch. Have it checked for electrical problems and replace if needed.

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Does Dish Soap Contain Formaldehyde?

If you’ve been finding yourself attracted to scent-free products when looking for dish detergent, there may be a good reason. One of those components in certain scented dish detergents is formaldehyde, which is not a chemical that you want to use to wash dishes.

The Dangers of Formaldehyde

A number of governmental authorities warn about the dangers of formaldehyde and restrict its use, including the State of California, the European Union’s REACH program, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, along with the governments of Canada and Japan. Formaldehyde is a suspected carcinogen, and it is also supposed to be toxic to the respiratory system, the liver and the reproductive system.

Toxic Odor-Enhancers and Preservatives

Formaldehyde is added into your dish detergent to enhance the smell, so it is usually found only in scented products. If you don’t locate this compound listed on the label, it does not necessarily indicate the product is formaldehyde-free. Many products contain the preservative quaterniumthat functions by releasing formaldehyde when it is exposed to water. These are not the only two toxins you might find in dish soap. The Environmental Working Group maintains a ranking of dish detergents depending on toxicity and ecological impact, and those that receive scores of A would be the safest to use.

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The way to Boost a Buckeye Tree in a Pot

Buckeye trees (Aesculus spp.) Can all be started out from seed in a pot. Of the approximately six kinds of buckeye trees native to North America, half grow into large trees that can reach more than 60 feet tall, and do not make good permanent container plants. These buckeye seedlings need to go from pots into the ground following two to three years. Three little buckeye trees which average around 15 to 20 feet tall might be acceptable for growing as large container plants for decks or patios.

Seed Treatment

Buckeye seeds symbolize chestnuts, with shiny brown seeds in a husk that’s first green, then brown. Fresh seed is best and may be implanted immediately after harvesting, although properly stored seeds which haven’t been permitted to dry out and have been maintained cold can also grow. In the fall, collect seeds after they’re ripe. Stored seeds require a cold remedy, called stratification, before they will germinate. For your moist cold needed, put wet sand or moist fresh perlite in a resealable plastic bag, then add the seeds, then after removing the husks, so they’re covered by the moist material, and set the bag in a refrigerator for three to eight weeks. Following three weeks, assess on the seeds every single week, removing seeds which have sent out a seed root, then called the radicle, and that means that you can pot them up.

Seeds in Pots

A clean potting mix, like one made from equal parts perlite and peat moss, helps prevent disease and gives good drainage for developing seedlings. Soak 4-inch-wide pots in a solution of 1 part household bleach to 9 parts water for five minutes. Rinse the pots and fill them to within 1/2 inch of the surface of the pot with the potting mix. Use pots with drainage holes. Before planting the seeds into the pots, soak them for 24 hours in water. Remove the seeds in the water after soaking and set them in a five percent bleach solution. Remove the seeds in the bleach after one minute and rinse them off with water. The bleach helps kill any fungus that may be found on the seeds which keeps them in germinating properly. One seed goes in every pot, together with the radicle pointing downward. The planting hole should be a little wider than the seed and one time its thickness. After covering the seed with potting mix, water the pot until water comes out the drainage holes. The pots require bright light until seedlings emerge. Keep the potting mix moist.

Seedling Growth

Later sowing, buckeye seeds usually germinate within 21 days, with a transplanted survival rate of approximately 90 percent. Once the seedlings have many sets of true leaves, then check to be sure they’re not getting rootbound. When the roots hold the potting mix together but haven’t started to end around the bottom of the pot, transplant them into your 1-gallon container, using the exact same potting mix. After they’re found in the larger pot, gradually move them into stronger mild, with an hour or two of extra light each day, until they’re in full sun. Keep the potting mix moist.

Youthful Buckeye Trees

As the seedlings grow, move them into larger pot sizes as needed. Always pick containers with holes. Use an excellent potting mix. When you have reached the greatest pot size you wish to handle, keep the plant by unpotting it every couple of years, pruning away busy roots and inserting some new potting mix. Wipe the pruning shears before and after pruning with a cloth dipped in rubbing alcohol to prevent disease spread. Each spring, provide buckeyes with 10-10-10 fertilizer at the rate of 1 tablespoon per 6 inches of pot diameter. Sprinkle it evenly over the surface, then dig it in to the upper layer and water the plant thoroughly.

Small Buckeye Trees

Smaller buckeye tree species comprise California buckeye (Aesculus californica), which grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 10. White to pinkish flowers appear in May or June. The plant is summer deciduous, growing into a large shrub or small tree. Red buckeye (Aesculus pavia) includes showy red spring blooms and grows in USDA zones 6 through 9a. It reaches 15 to 20 feet tall. Painted buckeye (Aesculus sylvatica) bears variously coloured spring blooms in hues of pink, green and yellow. Achieving 5 to 12 feet tall, painted buckeye is hardy in USDA zones 5 through 8. These last two species are winter deciduous. Buckeyes have seeds and foliage that are poisonous to people and animals, and the nectar is toxic to honeybees.

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How to Install a Swimming Pool Diverter Valve

It is possible to speed up upkeep chores by installing a three-way diverter valve if your pool doesn’t have one. This valve is designed to divert flow from the skimmer line, the main drain — or even both at precisely the exact same time — to the pump. The 3 lines form a tee using the pump outlet forming the vertical leg of the elbow as well as the bend lines forming the horizontal legs. Together with the valve handle facing one of the outlets, the opposite outlet is closed. To alter water flow management, move the valve manage through 180 degrees and line it up using the alternate outlet. To open both horizontal ports for standard operation, line up the handle vertically using the handle facing the pump inlet.

Loosen the lock knob on top of the valve manage by undoing it a full turn in a counterclockwise direction with an adjustable wrench, and then move the handle halfway between the two inlet ports. Use a Phillips screwdriver to remove all of the 8 screws securing the valve mechanism into the valve body.

Grasp the valve handle with one hand and the valve body with another. Rock the handle from side to side to loosen it and pull on the valve assembly from the valve body. This will avert PVC cement from accidentally sticking to the delicate valve assembly when you glue pipes into the body.

Line up the valve body halfway between the skimmer and drain suction lines protruding from the ground. Gauge the distance from the valve suction ports into the skimmer and drain lines, as well as the space from the valve outlet to the pump inlet port. Add 3/4 to 1 inch for the joints on each end to overlap the fittings; this will vary slightly, depending on pipe diameter and matching configuration.

Measure and mark the cut lines on the 3 schedule 40 PVC pipe segments. Use pipes which match the width of the pipes on your existing pool plumbing; these may be 1 1/2 or two inches in diameter.

Clamp the pipe at the right vise before cutting, but do not distort the pipes by over tightening the vice. Cut through the pipes back while maintaining the cut as straight as possible. Utilize a tough half-round file to remove the rough edges from the interior and outside of the cut pipes.

Apply a thin coat of purple PVC primer to both faces of every joint to be pasted while taking care to not get any on the valve body ports.

Apply a thin layer of CPVC glue to both faces on a joint, keeping it well away from valve body ports, and insert the pipe instantly into the valve port when utilizing 1 1/2-inch diameter pipe; when utilizing 2-inch diameter pipe, insert the valve body to the pipe instead.

Give the pipe a quarter turn to spread the adhesive evenly. Wipe the interior of the valve body using a rag dampened with a trace of paint thinner if any adhesive encroaches inside the port. Treat both of the other joints in precisely the exact same method.

Line up the “Inlet” label on the valve assembly together with the pump line to the vertical leg of the elbow. Slide the valve assembly to the valve body, replace the eight screws removed earlier and snug down screws down in turn without over-tightening them.

Glue 90-degree PVC pipe couplings into the ends of the skimmer and drain lines, taking care to place the couplings at right angles into the diverter valve, and allow adequate drying time.

Install the valve by curbing another ends of the downward facing 90-degree couplings into the pipes protruding from the bottom.

Complete the installation by curbing the inlet end of the pipe resulting from the diverter valve into the pump inlet port using a suitable coupling. Allow adequate drying time before beginning the pump to check for leaks and to test the valve’s actions.

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Should I Use Polyurethane, Shellac or Varnish for a Tabletop?

If you’re trying to decide between liners and polyurethane for your tabletop, you can stop scratching your mind: They’re basically the same product. The choice between varnish and shellac, however, is a real one, and do not forget to add lacquer for your list of alternatives. It is similar to shellac in a few ways, but it is a different end, and it is among the very popular and powerful tabletop finishes you may use.

Treating vs. Non-Curing Finishes

Varnish, whether it contains alkyd or polyurethane resin — or a combination — is an illustration of a healing finish. Once the solvent dissolves, the resin undergoes a chemical reaction that can’t be reversed. Shellac and lacquer, on the other hand, simply harden by evaporation of the solvent, and if you add more solvent, these finishes can become soft again. Curing finishes resist a wider selection of solvents, while evaporative finishes are more delicate and easier to repair. Unlike the solvents in lacquer and shellac, those in varnishes evaporate slowly, therefore varnishes level nicely once you apply them using a brush.

Shellac and Lacquer

When you apply a shellac finish, you’re coat your tabletop with resin secreted by insects. This resin — called lac — is harvested from tree branches and condensed into flakes. When dissolved in denatured alcohol, the flakes make a thick solution which you can spread using a brush or spray. Lacquer originally comes from tree sap, and also the kind that ancient Japanese craftspeople utilized was a healing finish. Modern lacquer, however, is composed of a non-curing cellulose or acrylic resin dissolved in volatile solvents. The solvents evaporate quickly, which means you have to spray lacquer, unless it contains an additive to retard evaporation and leave the product brushable.

The benefits of Evaporative Finishes

People have appreciated shellac over the years because it gives a delicate and durable finish. The end on several antiques is shellac, and it is usually the ideal end to apply to your antique tabletop. Modern lacquers were not developed until the 19th century, and also among the reasons for their popularity is that they’re sprayable and dry fast, which means that you may apply several coats fast to build up the end. Because evaporative finishes soften once you apply solvent or fresh finish, they’re easier to repair than curing finishes. They achieve their best hardness after waxing and buffing.

The Varnish Alternative

One of the main ingredients in varnish is linseed oil, a hardening oil derived from flax seeds. Conventional varnishes include plant alkyds, which harden and cure to form a permanent film. Modern varnishes, on the other hand, frequently contain polyurethane, which is a synthetic plastic, or a combination of alkyd and polyurethane. A varnish finish is not delicate — alkyd varnishes have a tendency to yellow, and polyurethane varieties have a plastic-like look — so that they aren’t ideal coatings for fine furniture. They are resistant to a lot of strong solvents and may soften lacquer and shellac, though, and therefore are ideal for outdoor tabletops, bar tops and utility components.

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The way to Arrange a Room With 2 Doorways

With a little imagination and imagination, arrange any room, regardless of its shape and number of entrances, into a space that is warm and inviting. Begin by drawing up the floor plan to scale on graph paper. Cut out to-scale representations of the furniture you’ve got, and play with the design until you find an appealing arrangement. That way, you can avoid having to move the furniture around the room several times and conserve your back.

The Focal Point

A room having a focal point emits a welcoming feel. Every room needs a focal point to set the tone and mood of the room. At the bedroom, by way of instance, the bed becomes the focal point for picking the room’s colors. In a living room, a fireplace, an old mirror, a picture window, art or the entertainment centre performs the identical function. Place the focal point on a wall opposite or perpendicular to the doors into the room to steer clear of the space’s traffic from impeding the perspective, and use lighting to highlight it.

Away From Walls

Don’t shove all of the furniture against the walls when you establish a room. Rather, develop conversational areas with two chairs and a sofa opposite each other, or set the sofa close to the middle of the room facing the room’s focal point. Set up a corner of the room, in light of the flat-screen television about the same angles and lines, which means it is possible to catch up on your bead-work, knitting or crocheting, or whenever you only want to curl up with a great book when the television isn’t on.

On the Bias

You won’t find a decorating rule that states that you must maintain your furniture aligned in the square or rectangle created by the room’s walls. By putting furniture diagonally in a huge room, you don’t impede the traffic flow through it, and it may jazz up an otherwise dreary space. The very first step to making a diagonal arrangement begins with decreasing the amount of furniture within it. Don’t stuff the room full of furniture. A diagonal arrangement functions best in a room using a solid focal point and the sofa at a 45-degree angle to it. Arrange area rugs on the floor or carpet to help specify the hexagonal design.

Winging It

Two wing-back chairs angled slightly toward each other using a small table and lamp between them contrary a sofa creates a welcoming and cozy conversational location. When a living room also doubles as a dining room, utilize the sofa to produce the demarcation line to your dining room area. A sofa-high credenza during its rear doubles as a buffet place when covered with a decorative table runner. You may also use the back of the sofa to funnel traffic behind it from the instructions you would like it to go.

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