How to Clean Brassy Cabinet Fixtures

Manufacturers typically coat metallic in lacquer to keep them shiny, but over time, the lacquer can erode and lose its luster. Some brassy fixtures are solid brass, while some are only brass plated. A magnet test will let you know that one you have as the magnet only sticks to brass-plated items, not good brass. Once you decide which kind of fixtures you’ve got, you can choose the suitable cleaning technique.

Solid Brass

Eliminate the brass fixtures in the cabinets with a screwdriver.

Spread a paper over your work surface and put the fixtures on the newspaper. Ventilate the area.

Don a face mask. Dip a soft toothbrush to lacquer thinner and brush the fixture to remove the coating.

Scrub the fixture with 0000-grade steel wool to remove any remaining lacquer. Instead, scrub with baking soda on a toothbrush with half a lemon dipped in salt.

Dip another soft toothbrush to warm water, apply a drop of brass cleaner or mild liquid soap to the bristles and bathe the fixtures. Rinse with warm water.

Dry the fixture by wiping it with a chamois cloth.

Take the fixture outside and apply a light coat of spray lacquer, holding the can 6 inches away. Allow the first coat to dry before applying a second.

Reattach the fixtures to the cabinets following the lacquer dries completely.

Brass-Plated Fixtures

Eliminate the brass fixtures in the cabinets with a screwdriver.

Add a few drops of mild liquid soap to a huge bowl of warm tap water. Swish the water to mix in the soap. Soak the fixtures for 30 minutes to a hour.

Eliminate the fixtures in the water, apply a drop of mild liquid soap to the bristles of a toothbrush that is soft and gently wash the fixtures. Rinse with warm tap water.

Dry the fixtures and buff them to a glow with a chamois cloth.

Reattach the fixtures to the cabinets.

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Wattage vs. Surge Wattage to get a Window Air Conditioner

You may be wondering what the difference is between wattage (also called running or ranked wattage) and surge wattage (also referred to as start-up wattage). Running wattage indicates that the electricity a motor-driven appliance uses once it reaches normal operating speed. Surge wattage represents the power the appliance consumes as its motor begins and gets up to two-thirds of its operating speed.

Surge Wattage

Depending on the operating efficiency and the power factor of the air conditioner’s hermetic motor-compressor unit, the surge wattage could be as few as 1.04 to 2.0 times its running wattage. In most cases the surge wattage won’t be an issue for you, but if you’ve got an older home in which the division circuits are already operating at their maximum safe capacity, the additional surge wattage might cause sporadic tripping of a circuit breaker.

Typical Surge Wattages

A 10,000 BTU Unit has surge wattage of 1800 watts along with a running wattage of 1200 watts. A 12,000 BTU unit has surge wattage of 3950 watts along with a running wattage of 3250 watts.

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Test Procedure for an Electric Water Heater Element

Electric water heaters have been intended to perform for many years with little if any attention in the homeowner. Ideally, the whole process of obtaining hot water consists of turning on the suitable tap and waiting a few minutes for the heated water to make the trip from the reservoir tank to the faucet. When turning to the hot water tap does not produce the anticipated results, you may have the ability to repair, or at least locate, the issue yourself.

Turn off power to the water heater in the primary service panel. Never repair or service any electrical appliance while it is plugged in or getting power.

Set the multimeter to the appropriate transmission range. Most residential electric water heaters function on 220-volt current. But some smaller electric heaters use 110-volt circuits. Match the range setting on the multimeter to correspond to voltage on your heater.

User a screwdriver to remove the entry panels covering the heater’s power link and heat elements. Power connections are most frequently found on the cover of the heater near the water intake and output pipes. Upper and lower heating elements are found close to the bottom and top in the side of the heater.

Press and hold one of the multimeter’s probes from the bare ground cable of the main power connection. Insert the remaining probe alternately to the cable connectors to your black and red power leads. If you get any reading other than zero for both of the results, then stop immediately and contact an electrician. The presence of electric current after the power supply is shut off in the primary service panel signals an issue requiring immediate professional attention. If you have a reading of zero on both leads, then proceed to another step.

Set the multimeter reading selection to “Ohms.” The elements within an electric water heater generate heat by passing current through a conductor with a resistance set to coordinate with the heater’s wattage and voltage.

Determine the appropriate ohm reading for your own heating elements. The voltage and wattage ratings are published on the foundation of each heating element. These are numerical values followed with a “W” for watts and “V” for volts. You might need a flashlight to get a fantastic view of those readings. To find the anticipated opposition, measured in ohms, to get the element, use the formula, voltage times voltage divided by watts; the consequence of the calculation is that the anticipated ohm, or opposition, reading for your element. On a 240-volt/3500-watt element, for instance, the formula looks like this: 240 times 240 equals 57,600 divided by 3,500 equals 16.4 ohms. The opposition reading for this element needs to be 16.4 ohms on your multimeter.

Press one of the probes against each of the heat element’s connecting terminals, and evaluate the multimeter’s ohm reading together with the consequence of the calculation in Step 6. A variant of plus or minus 2 percent between the component’s calculated opposition and the multimeter ohm reading is ordinary. Bigger variations indicate problems with the element.

Press and hold one probe against the bare metal of the reservoir tank. Press the remaining partition temporarily contrary to each of the component’s connecting terminals. Any opposition reading other than zero indicates a brief and means the element ought to be replaced.

Press and hold one probe against the bare metal of the reservoir tank. Press and hold the remaining probe against the steel collar around the base of the heat element. Any opposition reading other than zero indicates that the presence of a brief. The heating element ought to be replaced.

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Can You Plant Zuchinni Squash Next to a Better Bush Tomato in a Planter Box?

Not only are you able to cook zucchini and tomatoes together in a ratatouille, put them in a salad or add them to pasta, you can plant them together, also. Both the squash along with the tomato are warm-season vegetables with similar growing conditions. Both plants may grow rather large, so plan ahead when you choose a planter box.

Planter Box

Tomato origins move approximately 3 feet deep into the ground and also produce lots of feeder roots near the top of the dirt. Zucchini has a tap root that needs room to grow. The planting box should have sufficient space for both great drainage, since neither tomatoes nor zucchini like soggy roots. A box that is 36 inches deep and broad would work.


Rich, loamy soil with lots of organic stuff is best for the two tomatoes and zucchini. Produce your own by laying a few layers of papers in the base of the box. Cover with 6 inches of dirt. Add in vegetables scraps, eggshells, chopped up leaves and trimmings. Chop the bits small so they decompose faster. When you have about 12 inches of material for compost in the box, sprinkle 1 tsp of balanced, granular fertilizer, such as 10-10-10. Fill the box with potting soil. At the time the origins of the zucchini and tomato have attained the compost layer, it’s going to have decomposed.

“Better Bush” Tomato

“Better Bush” tomato is a determinate variety that’s been demanding for growing in pots and planter boxes. It grows to 3 to 5 feet tall. Normally, determinate tomatoes don’t need staking, but since it’s sharing its box with a zucchini bush, it’s a fantastic idea to bet the plant to provide the zucchini more space.


Zucchini squash comes in several varieties. Choose one that has a bushier growth habit. The word “bush” ought to be in the name or in the description. Zucchini is shaped like a cucumber as well as the skin may be dark green, light yellow, green or a combination, depending on the cultivar.


Tomatoes, including “Better Bush” are self-pollinating. The flower has both male and female components and does not require the wind for pollination. Zucchini is a different story. It’s male flowers and female flowers on precisely the exact same vine. The male flowers grow on a short stem. The female flowers have a baby zucchini right supporting the blossom. The pollen from the male flower has to be transferred to the feminine. If insects are not doing the task, help nature in addition to removing the petals in the male flower and rubbing the pollen against the stigma of the female blossom.

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How Long Does It Take for Tomato Plants to Have Tomatoes?

The length of time between tomato seed germination and harvest varies with the kind being grown. Information on the number of days from planting to harvesting is listed on seed packages and in seed catalogs; it’s roughly the number of days from the time the plants are put into the soil to the period they create their first ripe tomatoes. Generally speaking, the larger the tomato dimension, the longer it must stay on the vine until it can be picked.

Early Varieties

Botanists and tomato specialists always breed varieties that will be immune to infection, able to withstand temperature extremes and to boost growing times and yields. Of the two plant types, determinate or compact tomatoes are generally prepared sooner than those grown on indeterminate or conventional plants. Rumors together using the shortest maturity period do best in areas with short growing seasons and cool summers. Harvest time for Sub Arctic Plenty, a determinate selection, is roughly 45 days in the date, and each tomato weighs about 4 ounces. Early Girl and Early Cascade are ready to pick in about 55 days. Mountain Spring and Champion produce larger tomatoes weighing 9 to 10 ounces and require 65 days of growing time to be ready for picking.

Main Crop Tomatoes

Main harvest tomatoes possess the very best yields of high quality fruit and also do much better in the backyard than their early-season cousins. Determinate varieties comprise Celebrity and Floramerica, ready in 70 to 75 days. Better Boy, Burpee’s Big Girl and Mountain Pride are prepared in roughly 74 days and create fruit weighing 10 to 16 ounces. Gardeners choosing to grow supplementary tomatoes ought to be prepared to wait around 81 days for varieties like Beefmaster, Supersteak and Delicious till they have the ability to harvest fruit which can weigh up to 2 lbs.

Modest Varieties

Smaller tomatoes like cherry or grape grow on vigorous plants and typically make high yields. Ready in 65 to 70 times, the little fruit measuring 1 to 1 1/2 inches is marketed as Super Sweet 100, Yellow Pear and Large Red Cherry. The sweet-flavored fruit grows on either determinate or indeterminate plants. According to the University of Illinois Extension, a few can be selected as complete clusters, eliminating the tediousness of having to pick each pulp separately. Certain plants, like Tiny Tim, Red Robin and Pixie Hybrid, are suited to container growing, because they create extremely small plants which grow to no more than 6 to 12 inches tall and possess tomatoes prepared to select in 45 to 50 days.

Miscellaneous Varieties

Orange, purple, purple, white and green tomato varieties like Mountain Gold, Jubilee and Golden Boy weigh roughly 8 ounces and are ready to select at 70 to 80 days. Pink Girl, prepared at 76 days, produces 7-ounce fruit on indeterminate plants. The two White Wonder, that produces white 8-ounce fruit at 85 days, and the yellow-green Evergreen, are ready to harvest in 85 days. Paste strawberries best suited to canning and creating sauce contain varieties like San Marzano and Roma whose little oval fruit is ready to select in 75 to 80 days. Heirloom or old tomatoes have not been crossbred and their seeds produce plants which closely resemble the parent plant. Generally prepared to pick later than hybrid strawberries, varieties like Brandywine that produce large hot pink fruit can take as long as 100 days to harvest.

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Do Metal Roofs Improve the Resale Value of Your Home?

Over time, a variety of materials have served as home roofing, including asphalt shingles, wood shingles and sorts of slate or clay tiling. Metal is a durable home roofing material. Roofing made from metal like zinc or aluminum was seen on buildings in the late 1700s. Metal roofing can enhance its capability as well as a home’s resale value.

Home Resale Improvements

When compared with an asphalt-shingled home A contemporary metal roof on a home can enhance the resale value of that home by 1 to 6 per cent. Moreover, you are going to recover an average of 85.9 percent of your prices on a metal roof. Homeowners in the eastern regions of the U.S. recover 95.5 percent of prices on average for their homes’ metal roofs.

Metal Roof Benefits

With different advantages, metal roofs come in addition to their home resale cost improvement advantages. Metal roofs can be great insulators According to the Green Chat website. A metal roof reflects more of the sunlight’s energy, conserving 25 per cent or more on cooling and heating costs and keeping your home cooler. Since metal roofs are so durable and weather-resistant, many homeowner insurance businesses offer coverage discounts of around 35 percent.

Most Popular Type

The best selling type of metal roof would be the standing-seam steel version. Adding an upturned edge on a single panel that connects it to an adjoining panel, the standing seam steel roof is more lightweight and may be installed over an present roof. Steel roofs also use lines that are vertical to offer a look to their homes. Metal roofing can be made to seem like different types of roof shingling materials, also.

Metal Roof Prices

Metal roofs are not affordable, and installing them may be an intricate process. The average total cost such as installation and materials, runs from $10,426 to $12,550 as of March 2012, according to the HomeWyse website. The per-square-foot cost of a premium metal roof is $9.58, using a similar asphalt-shingled roof’s March 2012 per-square foot cost being $3.41. Contemporary metal roofing has a 50-year rated lifespan, though, compared with 15 years for other and asphalt materials.

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The Ecological Niche of Tomato Plants

An ecological market is defined as the area a specific life form occupies in the food chain. The exclusive market that tomato plants occupy illustrates the functions that it possesses that set it apart from other life forms, as no 2 types of plants, including tomatoes, behave in exactly the same way as they grow, produce flowers and fruit, and reproduce. Where tomatoes grow and how they accomplish this are the double roles they play within their specific market.

Tomato Plant Family

Tomatoes are members of the nightshade (Solenaceae) plant family which also includes potatoes, green onions, eggplant and edible flowers such as petunias. Over 3,000 species within the family are native to South America in a variety of habitats that range from deserts to rain forests and wooded areas. Rumors, especially outrageous varieties, are found growing in these areas where many species gradually adapt to aridity, heavy rainfalls and snowy freezing weather conditions.


The tomato plant’s primary mission will be to reproduce by means of the seeds which develop within a gelatinous cavity located in the middle of the fruit. Wild tomatoes only drop to the ground and decompose, releasing their seeds to the soil, while domesticated tomatoes are grown from seeds which are carefully harvested, dried and stored. Each seed is a potential new plant also grows according to its genetic makeup. Old-fashioned, or heirloom, tomatoes grow into more of the exact same sort, while hybrid tomatoes create plants which are crosses of two varieties bred for increased resistance to infection, increased productivity and drought tolerance. The tomato plant starts out as a tiny shoot that eventually grows to a compact or sprawling plant. Once the root system has formed, the plant shifts its energy to flower formation and fruit growth. The ultimate goal is to create the seeds which will lead to new plants, thus ensuring its success as a species.

Usefulness Factors

Nightshades, including strawberries, are valued as edible vegetables and therefore are among the most easily grown. According to the Sol Genomics Network, this makes tomatoes part of this third most economically important group as they are frequently grown and spread as food crops, together with ornamentals such as Nicotiana and medicinal plants such as red peppers (Capsicum). Like many of its cousins, tomatoes produce fruit that is a significant food internationally and it seldom changes in its development and growth, making it a simple plant to examine and manipulate.

Development Facts

Tomato plants develop in one of 2 types. Indeterminate tomato plants create long vines and multiple crops, while determinate varieties create smaller more compact plants along with one crop that ripens all at once. They manufacture their own food through a process known as photosynthesis which utilizes the sun’s energy to generate sugars and other nutrients within the plants’ tissues. Tomato plants will grow poorly or not at all if they are not exposed to approximately 12 or more hours of sunlight daily. Water and other nutrients and minerals are absorbed via superficial fibrous root systems along with the plants’ blossoms are pollinated by bees and end. Each blossom produces just one tomato, that is classified as a fruit, as it includes seeds encased in a ripened ovary. Other food plants such as potatoes, lettuce and carrots are considered vegetables because, unlike strawberries, their edible parts include no seeds.

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Pear Trees That Do Not Need Cross-Pollinators

The two species of pear trees are Asian pear (Pyrus serotina) and European pear (Pyrus communis). Most pear trees need cross-pollination from nearby pollen sources of trees that are common, however, some pear trees normally do not need cross-pollinators to produce fruit as they are self-fruitful. Both pear tree species have self-fruitful cultivars. Even some self-fruitful pear trees, however, might need cross-pollinators to produce fruit when they are planted in areas where their blooming period occurs during cool temperatures.


Most fruit trees rely on wind and insects to transfer pollen from their blossoms’ male reproductive parts to female parts. All fruit-bearing trees need pollination to produce fruit. The anthers in fruit tree blossoms contain pollen, and the pistils develop fruit. Reproduction parts of blossoms typically are located separately. Some pear trees produce flowers with anthers and pistils together, reducing the demand for cross-pollination for fertilization to develop fruit.

Asian Pears

Some Asian pear trees are partially self-fruitful and tend to overproduce when cross-pollinated. Their imaginations earned the nickname “apple pears” because of their physical resemblance to apples. The two self-fruitful Asian pear cultivars that grow well in California are the “Shinseiki” and “20th Century.” “Shinseiki” trees grow best in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 6 through 8 and produce pears that are round with yellow skin. The “20th Century” cultivar, that is hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9, produces pears which are round, have yellow skin and are more delicious than “Shinseiki” pears. Thin Asian pear trees’ fruit to one pear a cluster to yield larger fruit and decrease stress on tree limbs.

European Pears

Depending on the cultivar, European pear trees vary in size and shape, and their pears vary in juiciness. Self-fruitful cultivars include “Kieffer,” “Anjou,” “Comice,” “Duchess” and “Barlett.” “Kieffer” pear trees are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. “Anjou” pear trees provide oval-shaped fruits with thin, light-green skins and grow best in USDA zones 4 through 8. “Comice” and “Duchess” perform best in zones 5 through 9. The “Comice” cultivar produces round pears with short necks and stems. “Comice” and “Anjou” Sensors do not change colors once ripe. “Bartlett” pear trees grow well as self-fruitful trees in the Sacramento River delta region and in USDA zones 5 through 7. According to the University of California, the “Bartlett” cultivar makes up 75 percent of the planet’s pear production. “Bartlett” pear trees produce bell-shaped fruits which turn to yellow after ripened. Utilize “Bartlett,” “Comice” and “Anjou” pears in salads and desserts for their sweet and hot flavors.


Pear trees grow best in deep, deep well-drained dirt and are prone to insects. Harvest season for California pear trees happens from mid-July during September. Asian pears can ripen on the trees. Pick them in the trees as soon as they change color. Asian pears require careful handling after harvest to prevent excessive bruising. Harvest European pears before they ripen on the trees. Permit them to ripen at room temperature prior to ingestion.

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How to Choose a Lamp Shade Size

A lamp serves two purposes in your home. Its gives light that adds ambience to a room and makes the space immediately surrounding the lamp much more usable. The lamp also serves as a sculptural object that accentuates your decor even if it is not lit. Think of the colour as the bridge between form and function. Select a shade that shows your lamp foundation’s contour and sends mild to where it is needed.

Assess the distance from the foundation of lamp to the stem in case your lamp has one bulb socket. The stem is the portion of the lamp that sits immediately below the socket. Assess the distance between the base of this lamp as well as the socket cluster in case your lamp has a cluster of bulb sockets. Write down the measurement to bring with you when you shop for the colour.

Measure and write down the clearance your lamp comes with from furniture and walls so you can buy a shade that is suitable for the space.

Note the lamp harp’s style. The harp is the cable section that supports the shade. The lamp shade must be harmonious with the harp.

Determine what wattage bulb you will need for the lamp so you can buy a shade that stays a secure distance from the bulb. Supply 40- and 60-watt bulbs 2 inches of clearance and 150-watt lights 4 inches of clearance.

Sketch the form of your own lamp base. The shade should have a similar form.

Bring your measurements, notes and sketch when you shop for a colour. Choose a choice of shades that have shapes like complementary to the contour of the lamp and that are compatible with your lamp’s harp.

Gauge the underside diameters of the shades. The shade you select should have a bottom diameter that’s within 2 inches of the height of the lamp base.

Put the ruler along the slope of this shade to measure the distance between the base and top borders. This measurement should be within 1/2 inch of the height of this lamp’s stem.

Choose a shade that’s the appropriate size for the lamp that fits the space where you’ll use it which allows a secure distance between shade and wax.

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The way to Control the Flow of Water in Pond Waterfalls

Waterfalls can add visual and auditory attractiveness to your pond. They also, however, can add complications to the pond’s design. If your slopes’ Water flows too fast or too slow, then you may not have the ambiance that you would like for the pond or the perfect habitat for your pond fish. Adjusting the stream of water over each waterfall may be easy or have you ever headed back to the pond merchant. The adjustment process that is required depends upon the cause of the water flow issue and if you want the water to move quicker or slower.

Put in a pump with controls. This kind of pump lets you adjust the water stream higher or lower manually.

Slow the flow of water over a waterfall by putting obstacles in the stream of water. Obstacles like stones and potted plants in the stream will slow the water on its path down the waterfall into the pond.

Eliminate obstacles on the waterfall to boost water flow over the autumn.

Change your pump into one that pumps fewer gallons of water every hour to slow the stream of water over a waterfall. The pump will decrease how much water is circulated and flows down the waterfall. A pump’s gallons-per-hour rate is noted on its bundle.

Put in a pump that pumps more gallons of water every hour to improve the water flow over a waterfall. If you’ve got a large pond or a tall waterfall, this more powerful pump may be necessary to maintain the water moving in a desirable speed.

Increase the size of pond piping that connects to the pump to boost the water flow over a waterfall. You may have a pump rated at 3,000 gallons per hour, but it won’t have the capacity to pump into its full capacity if the piping is overly narrow. With a pipe that is as large as the pump’s outlet pipe was recommended by Orest Protch in his 2001 to 2002 “Annual Ponds USA” Pumps 101 article.

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